Poetry is related to culture. We can see this that in the very ancient eras, with nomadic nations in all countries and continents of that time, there was no poetry. Poetry, as far as we are informed, was developed in Ancient Greece, and Greek democracy of that time (6th century to 4th century) in Athens when culture, art and philosophy were also developed. We thus have the three tragic well known poets, Aeschylus, Sophocles and Euripides. Also Archilochos was another lyric poet who wrote poems of Love. A small extract of him is that “a young man is ‘dead’ with no love”, by pointing the nature of young people to fall in love etc.
In Roman empire, we have many remarkable poets, like Orates, Virgilius, Ovidius etc, who left a golden era in poetry, mainly writing national hymns to glorify Rome of that time as country of conquest.
However poetry was even developed much earlier than those times, we have Sappho and Homer who wrote poems and lived even in 8th century B.C. From Homer we have Iliada and Odysseus. (We are not going to analyze further all these poets in this essay but in another one in the future).
In 1548 Press was invented by Gutenberg in Germany, starting to change the world. Until that time, there was Middle Age, and Gutenberg was a “gift” to the era along with Renaissance an later in 1700-1800 etc with Elucidation. -People started to read more by not accepting Obscurantism of Middle Ages, and with Elucidation of the next two centuries as said, the art turned to Classicism and Classic era. All these facts, being followed by discovery of Press by Gutenberg, started to shape the society again, by adding to culture and civilization. (Let’s separate culture from Civilization: Civilization is the historic culture, while culture itself is the spiritual capacity of thought and the “art” of mind to produce ideas). Thus poets started this way to get to know a brilliant era, by transmitting their ideas with poetry. The anthropology status of poetry consists in expressing all personal feelings, and also existential problems of poets, in terms of interaction of society and whole world, that is the way that reader can (could )understand poetry, -we are taking on lyric poetry here mostly-in throughout a cultural status, and the way, that the unique feelings and concepts of poet interact with a given culture, the way of influence reader but also the way that a reader ‘accepted and received message’. Poetry is itself part of culture and has contributed worldwide, to the exchange of cultural product, the status of quality in poetry, shapes the structure of culture, in terms of anthropology. But also poetry has to do also with civilization, (material culture0, which deals directly with history.
For example a national hymns expressed in poetry, constitute “the roof of social culture” in terms anthropology. The super ego, as Freud says, tends to become an ego, in terms of existence of human unit, and as everything is done for “survival” of unit, the super ego, by becoming ego, can change present culture to evolving one, and restore the older one, by new methods of self expression, the way that embrace others and they way they are comprehended by others. We can define as culture-civilization also in this case as “what man added to man” then poetry, has played a crucial role in this, for all reasons understood in terms of what is mentioned above. Then like Literature, with Poetry culture of all kinds is shared. The poet can be particular in the whole of society by being authentic and this derives from uniqueness of someone to express his own feelings or thoughts-if we also take of civilization (national culture), like no one else. The fact of sharing culture, has to do with reception of messages that turn to be concepts in they eyes of reader.