Introduction to Paper Recycling

For those looking to reduce the waste stream, recycling paper is the perfect way to do it. Especially since paper is being wasted in large quantities all year long. This process implies recovering a lot of fiber from paper, which can be reused and transformed into cardboard, new paper or various paper items. It is true that recycling paper is not as effective as metal or glass recycling, but it is a great way to aid the environment and conserve the resources.

When you decide to recycle paper, you manage to diminish the waste or water, energy, trees and the number of pollutants that are emitted by the plants which are transformed into paper. Studies claim that recycling paper can have a 40% higher effectiveness than building paper from nothing in an ecological manner. Those who want to recycle in an eco-friendly manner can use bleaching non-toxic elements, alternative energy and recovered water in order to process the paper (not fresh water).

The consumer is the one who begins the recycling. He or she separates the kinds of paper into recycling bins. All the paper can be recycled, and then the specialized companies select glossy, matte or colored paper and cardboard. In case they don’t have the facility to process a type of product made out of paper, these companies sell these items to the companies that have this ability. At the place that deals with recycling, the paper is divided into staples, types, paperclips, etc., eliminating the contaminants.

The next step is to shred the paper and mix it with water. This combination is similar to a mulch that is processed through soaking and blending. Afterwards, the pulp is utilized to generate new paper, paper making screens, cardboards or paper insulation. If the process requires it, the pulp can be bleached even before molding it into new paper. If not, the pulp can preserve its natural state.

In rare cases is paper recycled completely, and that’s because the fibers existent shorten while they are processed. It has to be combined with virgin pulp in order to create a strong and durable paper. In addition to this, the majority of paper has a unique ability of recycling: before getting exhausted, paper can be recycled between 4-6 times. In this case, the fibers that get shorten are eliminated because they cannot be used. The recycled paper includes labels that indicate the percentage of the content in order to guide the consumer.

The waste that remains from the recycled paper includes fiber that cannot be used anymore, inks or various contaminants. All these are known under the name of sludge, which in some cases is buried in landfills. Normally, it is spread on the crops existent in the fields as mulch, or in different cases, they are burned in order to give energy to the company of paper. Even if some people might say that the burnt sludge pollutes, in some situations, this action is an eco-friendly way to power the company producing paper. Not to mention that if the sludge is used in an efficient manner, the producers can diminish the degree of pollution.

Source by Karina Popa

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